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  • c#教程之C#计算字符串哈希值(MD5、SHA)的方法小

  • 2018-03-13 20:42 来源:未知

本文实例讲述了C#计算字符串哈希值(MD5、SHA)的方法。分享给大家供大家参考。具体如下:

一、关于本文

本文中是一个类库,包括下面几个函数:

① 计算32位MD5码(大小写):Hash_MD5_32

② 计算16位MD5码(大小写):Hash_MD5_16

③ 计算32位2重MD5码(大小写):Hash_2_MD5_32

④ 计算16位2重MD5码(大小写):Hash_2_MD5_16

⑤ 计算SHA-1码(大小写):Hash_SHA_1

⑥ 计算SHA-256码(大小写):Hash_SHA_256

⑦ 计算SHA-384码(大小写):Hash_SHA_384

⑧ 计算SHA-512码(大小写):Hash_SHA_512

编译后被打包成文件HashTools.dll,其他程序可以在添加引用后对这些函数进行调用

二、类库中各函数代码

1. 类库结构

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using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace HashTools
{
 public class HashHelper
 {
  //各个函数
 }
}

2. 计算32位MD5码(大小写):Hash_MD5_32

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/// <summary>
/// 计算32位MD5码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_MD5_32(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider MD5CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = MD5CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  MD5CSP.Clear();
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为MD5码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

3. 计算16位MD5码(大小写):Hash_MD5_16

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/// <summary>
/// 计算16位MD5码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_MD5_16(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  string sHash = Hash_MD5_32(word).Substring(8, 16);
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

4. 计算32位2重MD5码(大小写):Hash_2_MD5_32

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/// <summary>
/// 计算32位2重MD5码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_2_MD5_32(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider MD5CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = MD5CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为MD5码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(sHash);
  bytHash = MD5CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  MD5CSP.Clear();
  sHash = "";
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为MD5码
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

5. 计算16位2重MD5码(大小写):Hash_2_MD5_16

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/// <summary>
/// 计算16位2重MD5码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_2_MD5_16(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider MD5CSP
    = new System.Security.Cryptography.MD5CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = MD5CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为MD5码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  sHash = sHash.Substring(8, 16);
  bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(sHash);
  bytHash = MD5CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  MD5CSP.Clear();
  sHash = "";
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为MD5码
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  sHash = sHash.Substring(8, 16);
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

6. 计算SHA-1码(大小写):Hash_SHA_1

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/// <summary>
/// 计算SHA-1码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_SHA_1(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.SHA1CryptoServiceProvider SHA1CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.SHA1CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = SHA1CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  SHA1CSP.Clear();
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为SHA-1码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

7. 计算SHA-256码(大小写):Hash_SHA_256

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/// <summary>
/// 计算SHA-256码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_SHA_256(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.SHA256CryptoServiceProvider SHA256CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.SHA256CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = SHA256CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  SHA256CSP.Clear();
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为SHA-1码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

8. 计算SHA-384码(大小写):Hash_SHA_384

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/// <summary>
/// 计算SHA-384码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_SHA_384(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.SHA384CryptoServiceProvider SHA384CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.SHA384CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = SHA384CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  SHA384CSP.Clear();
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为SHA-1码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

9. 计算SHA-512码(大小写):Hash_SHA_512

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/// <summary>
/// 计算SHA-512码
/// </summary>
/// <param name="word">字符串</param>
/// <param name="toUpper">返回哈希值格式 true:英文大写,false:英文小写</param>
/// <returns></returns>
public static string Hash_SHA_512(string word, bool toUpper = true)
{
 try
 {
  System.Security.Cryptography.SHA512CryptoServiceProvider SHA512CSP
   = new System.Security.Cryptography.SHA512CryptoServiceProvider();
  byte[] bytValue = System.Text.Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(word);
  byte[] bytHash = SHA512CSP.ComputeHash(bytValue);
  SHA512CSP.Clear();
  //根据计算得到的Hash码翻译为SHA-1码
  string sHash = "", sTemp = "";
  for (int counter = 0; counter < bytHash.Count(); counter++)
  {
   long i = bytHash[counter] / 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp = ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   i = bytHash[counter] % 16;
   if (i > 9)
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i - 10 + 0x41)).ToString();
   }
   else
   {
    sTemp += ((char)(i + 0x30)).ToString();
   }
   sHash += sTemp;
  }
  //根据大小写规则决定返回的字符串
  return toUpper ? sHash : sHash.ToLower();
 }
 catch (Exception ex)
 {
  throw new Exception(ex.Message);
 }
}

三、函数调用

建立项目ComputeHash,添加对HashTools.dll库的引用。并添加代码:

复制代码 代码如下:
using HashTools;

然后在Main函数中添加下列代码:

 

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static void Main(string[] args)
{
 Console.WriteLine("MD5 of \"abc\"");
 Console.WriteLine("MD5_32(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_MD5_32("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("MD5_32(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_MD5_32("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("MD5_16(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_MD5_16("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("MD5_16(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_MD5_16("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("2_MD5_32(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_2_MD5_32("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("2_MD5_32(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_2_MD5_32("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("2_MD5_32(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_2_MD5_16("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("2_MD5_32(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_2_MD5_16("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA of \"abc\"");
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-1(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_1("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-1(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_1("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-256(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_256("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-256(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_256("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-384(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_384("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-384(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_384("abc", false));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-512(Upper): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_512("abc"));
 Console.WriteLine("SHA-512(Lower): {0}",
  HashHelper.Hash_SHA_512("abc", false));
 Console.ReadLine();
}

运行结果如下:

希望本文所述对大家的C#程序设计有所帮助。

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